This is the history of Dubai
Dubai history is closely bound to the history of UAE, which comprises of 7 states including Dubai. History of Dubai is going back to 18th century where Indian and Persian traders have mentioned Dubai as a place for pearls and fishing.
However, the first group of people came to Dubai from Abu Dhabi and established a tribe in 1833. This was the first group of people formally settled in Dubai in the Dubai history. The Maktoum family led the tribe. The tribe was settled in the banks of Dubai creek. Their main income was fishing, herding sheep and goats, pearling and trading. At this period the population of Dubai was about 800.
Soon Dubai became popular among foreign traders who came to Dubai for Sea trading. Dubai became a very popular port and hub for traders sailing from east to west. More and more foreign traders started setting down in Dubai.
By 1930 Dubai became the home for many foreigners. There were about 20,000 population and most of them were foreigners came from India and neighboring Arabic countries.
1966 – The golden year of Dubai history
1966 was a very special year in the history of Dubai. Oil was discovered on this year and Dubai rulers started exporting oil, which provided a significant boost to the Dubai economy.
Also Gulf Rupee the first official currency of Dubai was introduced in 1966. However, Gulf Rupee became UAE Dirahm in 1973 and is the official currency of Dubai to date.
Till 1971 Dubai was functioning as an independent country. On 2 December 1971 Dubai joined other states and became part of the United Arab Emirates. Sheikh Rashid bin Saeed Al Maktoum became the first ruler of newly formed Dubai and Sheikh Zayed bin Sultan Al Nahyan the ruler of Abu Dhabi became the first president of UAE.
Today Dubai is one of the richest and most developed nations in the world.
How did they survive in the middle of the desert?
It is interesting to learn how did the ancient Dubai people survived in the extremely hot whether without air conditioning, fans or electricity.
Old days the houses were mainly built with clay, which provided some sort of resistance to the heat. They also built towers known as “wind towers” in every house to divert the prevailing wind to their houses. Internal parts of the houses were also designed to take the full advantage of the breeze. Then another tower was built to send out the “used breeze”. This natural cooling system helped them to survive during the summer months.